causes of vertigo

3 Causes of Vertigo

The sensation of vertigo is extremely disruptive, usually deterring us from getting anything done. Sometimes it can even be alarming, depending on the severity of symptoms, leading to questions like “what’s causing this?”, “is there something wrong?”, and “why is the floor now the ceiling?”. Luckily, there are a few ways to identify the causes of vertigo, naturally leading to relief. 

The causes of vertigo are varied, from minor to more severe, but no matter the reason for it, solutions are always present. But first, is there a difference between dizziness and vertigo? If so, what actually is vertigo? 

What is vertigo? 

Vertigo is essentially a shift in balance and vision perception. One minute everything’s the way it should be, the next minute things are spinning, the world is tilting, and your stance shifts to keep you from falling with the ceiling. 

Symptoms of vertigo can last anywhere between a couple of minutes to hours to even days. It’s nothing to take lightly, especially if you’re more susceptible to it. If you deal with the following symptoms regularly, you may have vertigo, which is just a symptom of a deeper, underlying condition. 

Vertigo symptoms

  • Everything spins
  • Lack of balance
  • The world tilts
  • Nausea
  • Stumbling
  • Vomiting

Not fun. 

Causes of vertigo 

Knowing the causes of vertigo is half the battle. From there, you can receive testing and a diagnosis, leading to treatment of more than just the symptoms, the source of the problem as well. 

  1. BPPV (Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo) – Although most common, BPPV is the least worrisome. Happens when someone moves their head or changes positions. Has to do with the inner ear and its communication with the brain. When tiny calcium crystals form, they can create a disturbance. 
  2. Inner ear infections – In the same way that BPPV relates to the ear and its effect on balance, an infection of the inner ear can cause some issues too. 
  3. Meniere’s disease – A disease that affects hearing and the workings of the inner ear. Can also cause hearing loss and tinnitus. 

Despite these inner ear issues being a disruptive problem, they don’t have to stay for the long haul. The physical therapists at the Ear, Nose & Throat Institute use a variety of technologies to diagnose and treat vertigo properly. 

With our VNG system (tracking eye movement) as well as our computerized dynamic posturography (balance testing balance testing for the visual, vestibular and somatosensory systems) we’ve got you covered! 

To learn more, watch the video below:

To schedule a same-day appointment, call 770-740-1860 or click the button below. 


  • Kraft, A. (2015, July 17) Vertigo: Symptoms, causes, and what you should do if you have it [Health Article] Retrieved on September 25th, 2020 from https://www.cbsnews.com/news/what-is-vertigo-and-what-do-you-do-when-you-have-it/

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